HSG (hysterosalpingography) is a diagnostic tool that can help determine the cause of your infertility. If finding the reason for your inability to conceive is proving challenging, the experienced team at the Center for Reproductive Medicine in Winter Park and Celebration, Florida, can help. They have state-of-the-art HSG technology on-site to check for issues like blocked fallopian tubes. Find out more by calling the office nearest you today or use the online form to book an appointment.
HSG is short for hysterosalpingography. It's a type of X-ray procedure the Center for Reproductive Medicine team uses to see inside your uterus and fallopian tubes when they need to check for problems like blockages and abnormalities.
Problems with your uterus and fallopian tubes can cause infertility or could adversely affect pregnancy. HSG is a minimally invasive procedure that’s typically very safe, although you shouldn’t have an HSG if you're pregnant, have a pelvic infection, or are experiencing heavy uterine bleeding.
The HSG procedure involves injecting a contrast medium into your uterus and fallopian tubes. The contrast medium is a fluid containing a dye that shows up on an X-ray screen, outlining the inner shape and size of your uterus and fallopian tubes.
There are very few preparations you need to make before your HSG. Your provider at the Center for Reproductive Medicine might recommend taking over-the-counter pain medication about an hour before the HSG to improve your comfort levels. You may need to take an antibiotic prior to your HSG.
You have your HSG during the first half of your menstrual cycle (days 1-14) to reduce the risk of being pregnant.
You might want to arrange for a friend or family member to drive you home after your HSG in case you don't feel very well.
When you have your HSG at the Center for Reproductive Medicine, you lie on your back as though you were having a pelvic exam. Your provider inserts the speculum into your vagina, holding the walls open so they can see your cervix.
Next, they clean and anesthetize your cervix, which might cause a brief, pinching feeling. To insert the dye, your provider grips your cervix using a special instrument and passes a cannula through the opening. Alternatively, they might use a tube with a balloon on the end that helps keep the tube in place.
After removing the speculum, your provider places you under an X-ray machine. Then they gradually fill your uterus and fallopian tubes with the contrast medium. The fluid could cause cramping, and if you have a blockage in your fallopian tubes, the fluid stretches them.
Your provider takes X-ray images as the contrast medium fills your uterus and fallopian tubes, and then they remove the cannula. Your body absorbs any fluid that spills out.
Once they have the results of your HSG, your provider discusses the findings with you and what the next steps are.
Find out more about the HSG procedure or schedule a consultation by calling the Center for Reproductive Medicine today or book an appointment online.