Testing for male infertility is a straightforward, noninvasive process that can identify a variety of issues with sperm production. If you're having problems conceiving, the fertility experts at the Center for Reproductive Medicine in Winter Park and Celebration, Florida, can help. They have many years of experience assessing and treating male infertility, so call the office nearest you today and schedule a consultation, or use the online form to book an appointment.
Male infertility means there's a problem with a man's sperm or another issue affecting his reproductive system that's making it hard to conceive a child.
Infertility affects around 1 in 6 couples when they're trying to conceive. In about 35% of cases, the problem is due to female infertility, while another 35% is due to male infertility.
The remaining 30% might have both male and female-based fertility issues, or there might be no explanation for their infertility.
The first test your provider performs is a semen analysis, which shows if you have any potential problems. You just need to provide a semen sample either at the Center for Reproductive Medicine or at home.
The on-site lab examines the semen sample for consistency and volume and analyzes it to determine how many sperm you're producing (sperm count), how well they're moving (motility), and their shape (morphology).
Sperm count is the number of sperm in each milliliter of your semen. A healthy concentration would be anything over 20 million sperm per milliliter, so having a low sperm count is a sign that there are sperm production problems. The term azoospermia means there are no sperm in your sample at all.
If there are high numbers of abnormally shaped sperm or many that don't move properly, that's also an indication of a sperm production problem. However, sperm quality and quantity aren't always consistent, so the Center for Reproductive Medicine team always takes more than one semen sample for infertility testing.
There are several possible causes of male infertility, including:
A varicocele is a varicose vein that forms in your scrotum. These veins contain excess blood that can lead to overheating, resulting in a reduction in sperm quantity and quality. The Center for Reproductive Medicine can refer you to a urologist for treatment if a varicocele is the cause of your infertility.
A problem with the structures in your genitals could be causing male infertility. The tubes that transport sperm (vas deferens and epididymis) might get blocked, or there may be a congenital abnormality.
If hormones like testosterone aren't present at the right levels, it can affect sperm production and result in male infertility. Hormonal imbalances could be due to malfunctioning glands, a genetic condition, or being overweight or obese.
Exposure to toxins in your environment and making poor lifestyle choices can adversely affect the number of sperm you produce and their quality. Smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, some types of medications, and anything that results in overheating of your testicles can cause temporary male infertility.
To find out more about male infertility and how to overcome it, call the Center for Reproductive Medicine today or book an appointment online.